National Capital Region of Delhi or NCR Delhi
The Metropolitan area of Delhi is known as the ‘National capital Region’ or ‘NCR’ in short. It encompasses the entire area under NCT [Delhi] as well as acquired satellite towns of Gurgaon and Faridabad situated in Haryana and satellite towns of Noida and Ghaziabad situated in Uttar Pradesh [UP].
NCR encompasses a total area of 30,242 sq. km. which includes the ‘National Capital Territory’ area [Delhi] that covers an area of 1,483 sq. km., Haryana that contributes to 13,413 sq. km. of area, Rajasthan that contributes to 4,493 sq. km. of area and Uttar Pradesh that contributes to 10,853 sq. km. of area.
The aim for creating an NCR area was mainly to reduce the burden of the over populated city of Delhi due to the never ending growing demand for space that was caused due to major industrialisation and urbanisation. The Master Plan of NCR was recommendation back in 1962 wherein sections of neighbouring cities of Rajasthan, Haryana and Uttar Pradesh were roped in to be developed as an expansion of Delhi and hence for developing satellite cities of Delhi. After this plan was accepted; Gurgaon, Ghaziabad, Faridabad and Noida were chosen from the respective States to be developed as the entire NCR region that would also encompass Delhi.
Delhi is still managed under the jurisdiction of NCT which is known as the National Capital Territory, wherein the Central Government commands some control over the administration. Despite the fact that Delhi is no longer a Union Territory, however, it still has its own Vidhan Sabha constituencies and Assembly elections taking place once every 5 years. Even today, the main Capital City of Delhi is trying hard to claim the status of a complete State.
The inception of NCR has provided much relief to Delhi due to the rise in demands from corporate bodies as well as government establishments. The strong presence of Globalization marking the landscapes of Delhi has also contributed to the city’s need for expansion and holding international standard infrastructure to meet these demands. The establishment of satellite cities like Gurgaon and Noida has greatly eased this concern to a massive extent with many government establishments holding their respective offices in these satellite cities including International Organisations and Private Companies.
The establishment of the NCR area also witnessed numerous MNCs from across the globe establishing their subsidiaries or a branch of their offices in Delhi NCR hence increasing the demand of manpower and skilled labour requirements which in turn boosted the economy of the City. Today, the region of NCR homes major International and Domestic Organisations that includes BPOs, IT, ITES, Manufacturing and Service Industries.
The advent of NCR also saw improved infrastructure and better connectivity between NCT Delhi and NCR with the construction of wide 4 - 8 lane roads including flyovers making travelling very easy. The economy, landscape and infrastructure of neighbouring States like Haryana and Uttar Pradesh have massively benefited from the recent development in Real Estate, Industries and construction of world class shopping malls, skyscrapers, modern residential complexes and societies, luxury homes and apartments, flats including independent bungalows. It has also contributed to the increase in commercial complexes, buildings and offices owing to the growing demand of commercial space from foreign as well as domestic clienteles.
Please click on the links below for more information about the satellites cities under the National Capital Region of Delhi.