Hazrat Nizamuddin Tomb
The Tomb of Hazrat Nizamuddin is situated in Nizamuddin Village which is approximately 2 km away from the famous Humayun Tomb near Mathura Road and east of Lodi Road making the place easily accessible via local buses, cabs and auto rickshaws.
This place is also popularly known as the Shrine or Dargah of Hazrat Nizamuddin who was a renowned Muslim Sufi and Mystic Saint. His original name is Sheikh Nizamuddin Aulia Chishti and he was born in 1236 AD at a small place named Badaun in Uttar Pradesh. Sheikh Nizamuddin Aulia was a student of Saint Farid Shakarganj who introduced him into the world of Sufism. Later, Sheikh Farid Shakarganj appointed Nizamuddin as his successor and he was conferred as Hazrat Nizamuddin Aulia. He had many followers which include the ferocious ruler named Sultan Ala-ud-din Khilji and Muhammad Bin Tughlaq as well as Hazrat Amir Khusrau, who is known as one of the most renowned poets of all times.
Hazrat Nizamuddin was so popular that while travelling through this place, Mughal Emperors like Babar, Humayun, Akbar, Jahangir and Shah Jahan would ensure to halt at the Shrine of this Mystic Saint and duly pay their respect at the Dargah. He was mainly known for his Doctrine of Sacrifice and Surrendering to the Almighty as well as tolerance towards other religious sects which greatly influenced people from all cultural backgrounds and hence had a huge number of devotees following. He also prophesized that Sultan Ghiyas-ud-din Tughlaq (name also spelled as Ghiyath Al-Din Tughluq and real name was Ghazi Malik) would never return to Delhi from his campaign and that is what exactly happened. Ghiyasuddin Tughlaq died on his way to Delhi in February 1325 AD. He ruled for a short span of 5 years only between 1320 AD and 1325 AD and was succeeded by his son, Muhammad Bin Tughluq.
Though the original Tomb of Hazrat Nizamuddin does not exist, a nobleman and follower of the Saint named Faridun Khan constructed this present Tomb structure sometime during the mid 15th Century AD. This was later renovated and re-decorated by Feroz Shah Tughlaq and his following successors as well as the following rulers.
The Courtyard is paved with marble where the sacred Shrine, Dargah or Tomb of Hazrat Nizamuddin sits and the grandiose pavilion that you see today decked with lattice screens or 'Jalis' and arches made of marble was later added to the shrine by Emperor Shah Jahan. Most of the devotees and worshippers tie a red thread around these lattice screens in hope of getting their wishes fulfilled. The imposing Dome ornate with vertical stripes of black marble with lotus ornamentation was later added by Mughal Emperor Akbar II.
The main Hazrat Nizamuddin Tomb is covered by a sweet scented dark green coloured cloth on which devotees shower Rose petals and flowers after offering their prayers. Incense sticks are lit up and placed before the Shrine before worship. Twice in a year, the Shrine of Hazrat Nizamuddin is packed with pilgrims from across the city and neighbouring places to join in the celebration of 'Urs' or death anniversary of this Sufi Mystic Saint usually held during the month of April with pomp and splendour accompanied by Qawwalis and offerings of a delicious variety of sweet meat and kebabs. The other occasion is the 'Urs' or death anniversary of Amir Khusrau who was a 13th Century famous Sufi poet.
The Tomb of Hazrat Nizamuddin is surrounded by a Mosque and several Tombs of famous people as it was their dying wish to be buried next to the Sufi Saint. Thursday evenings are the best time to visit the shrine preferably between 5 PM and 7 PM else tourists can visit the Tomb on any day free of charge. For photography and video filming, it is recommended to tip the caretakers with at least Rs. 20.00 before you are permitted to take any snaps or video shots.