Maulana Azad's Tomb
The Tomb of Maulana Azad lies just before the great eastern gateway of Jama Masjid which is close to the famous and ancient street of Meena Bazaar in Old Delhi. One can approach this area via local cabs and auto rickshaws or alternatively board the Metro up till Chawri Bazaar Metro Station.
Maulana Abul Kalam Muhiyuddin Ahmed was born on 11th November 1888 to a Muslim family. He was fond of writing and at a very young age, composed many Urdu Poems and wrote treaties on Philosophy and Religion. He began his career as a journalist and became a prominent personality through his works on British Rule in India and propagating the causes of Nationalism in India. He then joined the Khilafat Movement as the Leader of the pack during which he became very close to the legendary Mahatma Gandhi Ji. He was enthused with the ideologies of Gandhi Ji which supported non-violence and became his most prominent supporter representing the Muslims in the freedom fight movements.
Maulana Azad also actively organised the non-cooperation movement in 1919 which protested the Rowlatt Acts. He also promoted Swadeshi or 'Indigenous' products and actively assisted in the cause of Swaraj or 'Self-Rule'. In 1923, Azad became a member of the Indian National Congress and served as the President of the Congress Party between 1940 and 1945 making him the youngest President of the Indian National Congress Party. In 1931, during his tenure, he organised the 'Dharasana Satyagraha' which made him a prominent Muslim National Leader propagating Hindu-Muslim Unity along with promoting Socialism and Secularism in the Country.
Maulana Azad was an active leader in the 'Quit India' Movement during which he was imprisoned with his entire Congress leaders for three whole years. Post Independence, Azad became the first Minister of Education of India and is accredited with the establishment of the World Renowned Indian Institute of Technology. He also established the University Grants Commission which supervises and worked towards enhancing higher education In India.
Throughout his lifetime, Maulana Azad dedicated his life towards the upliftment of the Indian Society, its causes and the common civilians because of which he was also conferred with the 'Bharat Ratna' Award which is considered as the Country's Highest Civilian Honour Award. A captivating Orator and an eloquent writer, he wrote many books of which 'India wins Freedom' is one of his most popular works. He later adopted 'Azad' which means 'Freedom' as his pen name and hence is remembered by all as Maulana Azad.
Maulana Azad died on 22nd February 1958 and was buried in full honour and rituals near a sacred mosque in Old Delhi where his Tomb lies. The Tomb is made in the form of an arched structure depicting Islamic style overlaid with white colour marks. It sits quietly amidst the busy streets of Old Delhi surrounded by a well trimmed garden dotted with beds of flowers. The Tomb is opened for visits on all days with free entry to all.